Maritime transportation has contributed to the global economy greatly, and at the same time there has been growing concerns about the environmental impacts caused by shipping activities. Green shipping has recently attracted a great deal of attention from both researchers and practitioners.
Maritime Policy & Management is proud to present this virtual special issue on: Green Shipping and the Environment, with free access to all the papers included in this collection.
A brief summary of these papers are as follows.
On green shipping policy: Sampson et al. (2016) uses semi-structured interviews to consider the enforcement of regulations pertaining to the Baltic and North Sea emission control areas (ECAs) associated with the limitation of air emissions from shipping. It ends with a series of recommendations that have been arrived at following discussion of the research findings with a select group of industry experts.
On green shipping practices: Woo and Moon (2014) uses System Dynamic Environmental Evaluation Model to make sure whether it is true that as voyage speed reduces, the operating costs and CO2 emissions can be reduced at the same time. They find the optimal voyage speed as a solution to maximize the reduction of CO2 emissions at the lowest operating cost, thus satisfying the reduction target of IMO. Moon and Woo (2014) use a methodology of simulation based upon system dynamics to investigate how time in port affects efficient ship operation in terms of operating costs, CO2 emissions and externalities. Balland et al. (2014) uses a multi-criteria optimization model to discuss the so-called ‘energy paradox’ in maritime transportation, presenting barriers to overcome and criteria to consider when selecting cost-efficient air emission controls. Franc and Sutto (2014) focus on the principle of a cap-and-trade system and use scenarios and a mathematic model to explore the potential impacts of the implementation of such a market-based measure proposed by IMO and the European Union on the organization of container shipping lines and European ports.
On green shipping management: Lun et al. (2016) uses an input-output approach to examine the greening capability of shipping firms in carrying out greening operations to balance environmental protection and productivity. Lirn et al. (2014) uses exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to identify crucial green shipping management capability and examine its impact on firm performance using survey data collected from container shipping firms, and find that container shipping managers could focus on organizational green shipping management capability, specifically regarding policies, ships, and suppliers, to improve their environmental and financial performance. Lindstad et al. (2016) investigates the opportunities for increased profit by service differentiation within the container liner industry and determine whether service differentiation can contribute to reducing total cost and emissions from sea and airfreight. Yin et al. (2014) uses a cost model to look into the questions of how slow steaming can save bunker consumption and bring benefits to the environment, and find that slow steaming practice has a positive impact on the environmental protection. Yiğit et al. (2016) uses an economic analysis to analyze their economic and environmental performance by considering different marine fuels and shoreside power supply for the ship’s electrical needs while at the international ports, and find that the use of shoreside power has economic advantages.
*These articles are free to view until 31 December 2017, only via this page.
- Y. H. Venus Lun, Kee-hung Lai, Christina W. Y. Wong & T. C. E. Cheng
- Taih-Cherng Lirn, Hsiao-Wen Lin & Kuo-Chung Shang
Greener shipping? A consideration of the issues associated with the introduction of emission control areas
- Helen Sampson, Michael Bloor, Susan Baker & Katrin Dahlgren
- Jingbo Yin, Lixian Fan, Zhongzhen Yang & Kevin X. Li
- Jong-Kyun Woo & Daniel Seong-Hyeok Moon
Energy cost assessment of shoreside power supply considering the smart grid concept: a case study for a bulk carrier ship
- Kenan Yiğit, Görkem Kökkülünk, Adnan Parlak & Arif Karakaş
Opportunities for increased profit and reduced cost and emissions by service differentiation within container liner shipping
- Haakon Lindstad, Bjørn Egil Asbjørnslett & Anders H. Strømman
The impact of port operations on efficient ship operation from both economic and environmental perspectives
- Daniel Seong-Hyeok Moon & Jong Kyun Woo
Impact analysis on shipping lines and European ports of a cap- and-trade system on CO2 emissions in maritime transport
- Pierre Franc & Lisa Sutto
- Océane Balland, Cecilia Girard, Stein Ove Erikstad & Kjetil Fagerholt